2018-12-01 00:27:19 UTC
Zapruder said the shots came behind his location on the pedestal. It lends
substantial credence to a GK shooter and thus a two-gunmen conspiracy. But
that's not really what he said. From his Warren Commission testimony:
Mr. Liebeler - As you were standing on this abutment facing Elm Street,
you say the police ran over behind the concrete structure behind you and
down the railroad track behind that, is that right?
Mr. Zapruder - After the shots?
Mr. Liebeler - Yes.
Mr. Zapruder - Yes--after the shots--yes, some of them were motorcycle
cops--I guess they left their motorcycles running and they were running
right behind me, of course in the line of the shooting. I guess they
thought it came from right behind me.
Mr. Liebeler - Did you have any impression as to the direction from which
these shots came?
Mr. Zapruder - No, I also thought it came from back of me. Of course, you
can't tell when something is in line it could come from anywhere, but
being I was here and he was hit right in the head--I saw it right around
here, so it looked like it came from here and it could come from there.
Mr. Liebeler - All right, as you stood here on the abutment and looked
down into Elm Street, you saw the President hit on the right side of the
head and you thought perhaps the shots had come from behind you?
Mr. Zapruder - Well, yes.
Mr. Liebeler - From the direction behind you?
Mr. Zapruder - Yes, actually--I couldn't say what I thought at the moment,
where they came from--after the impact of the tragedy was really what I
saw and I started--yelling--"they've killed him"--I assumed that they came
from there, because as the police started running back of me, it looked
like it came from the back of me.
Mr. Liebeler - But you didn't form any opinion at that time as to what
direction the shots did come from actually?
Mr. Zapruder - No.
Mr. Liebeler - And you indicated that they could have come also from
behind or from any other direction except perhaps from the left, because
they could have been from behind or even from the front.
Mr. Zapruder - Well, it could have been--in other words if you have a
point--you could hit a point from any place, as far as that's concerned.
I have no way of determining what direction the bullet was going.
Mr. Liebeler - Did you form any opinion about the direction from which the
shots came by sound, or were you just upset by the thing you had seen?
Mr. Zapruder - No, there was too much reverberation. There was an echo
which gave me sound all over. In other words that square is kind of--it
had sound all over.
IMO, Zapruder did not know where the shots were fired from. He was
heavily influenced by the law enforcement officers running up the GK
towards the RR tracks behind him. And by the spectators who will
invariably run after the cops because they surely know something they, the
spectators, don't, when actually the police are just making guesses
Deputy Sheriff Luke Mooney: "We then ran over into Dealey Plaza, crossed
Elm, jumped over the wall of the embankment on what's now called the
grassy knoll and headed toward the railroad yards. At that time, it seemed
to have been the most logical place to begin looking unless you had
actually known from where the shots originated, which I didn't." (Larry
Sneed, NO MORE SILENCE, p. 225)
DPD Sgt. David Harkness: "I tried to find someone...an escape route. I
knew we had people stationed all around the place, so I got on my motor
and went down to Industrial because there was an open area back behind the
railroad to see if I could see anything or anybody trying to escape. After
I made a quick turn down there and could see nothing, I came back to the
area and started searching behind the railroad yards, not because I
thought shots had come from there, but because we were looking for an
unknown, somebody running, trying to get away." (Sneed, p. 206)
Charles Brehm: "After I hit the ground and smothered the boy, it was all
over. The people were running helter-skelter here and there. They were
running up to the top of that hill it seemed to me in almost sheep-like
fashion following somebody running up those steps. There was a policeman
who ran up those steps also. Apparently people thought that he was chasing
something, which he certainly wasn't. There were no shots from area, but
some of the people followed him anyway." (Sneed, p. 62)
Bill Newman: "We didn't run up towards the grassy knoll like the rest of
the people. We started walking up there when they stopped us. A lot of
people did run up the grassy knoll in that area afterwards, but we were
not as anxious as most of the crowd to try to find someone. I don't know
why they were running up that way. Maybe the Secret Service men or whoever
initiated it, but I just think it was more or less a crowd reaction. I
doubt if the people saw or heard anything up there." (Sneed, p. 97)
And there is Postal Inspector Harry Holmes who was watching with 7X50
binoculars from the Terminal Office Building: "I kept the binoculars
around to see if anybody left the area, especially the parking area and
the railroad tracks where a guy would likely try to escape. I remember
also a big chain link fence in back of the School Book Depository. I also
noticed a lot of people lined up on the Triple Underpass, but I never saw
anybody in a hurry to get away as if they were trying to escape, and I
watched the area with those high powered binoculars the whole time."
(Sneed, p. 353)